- Sesostris I
- King 1971-1928 BC.
Ammenemes I associated his eldest son, Sesostris I, with him as co-regent in Year 20 of his reign, and thereafter Sesostris undertook all the major campaigns in Syria, *Nubia and *Libya. It was while he was away on one of these expeditions to Libya that he learnt of his father's assassination at his palace, and returned immediately to take control of the country and to avert a crisis. The events surrounding his accession are mentioned in two literary sources—the instruction of King *Ammenemes I for his son Sesostris (a propoganda exercise that was almost certainly composed by a scribe in the reign of Sesostris I himself), and the Story of *Sinuhe.Using skilful propoganda and firm government, Sesostris I was able to restore the power and prestige of the monarchy, and to extend Egypt's influence abroad. He sent punitive expeditions against the *Libyans, and protected Egypt's northern border against incursions, but his general policy in the north was primarily defensive and diplomacy was his main method of dealing with Syria/Palestine. There is evidence that Egyptians settled in these areas and there were trading and other contacts with the region. In Sinai, mining operations were vigorously pursued, and Egypt's foreign policy was developed against a domestic background of stability, prosperity, and a firm centralised government.In foreign policy, Sesostris I (together with his descendant, *Sesostris III) is remembered for his action in *Nubia where, in Year 18, he launched a ruthless campaign to conquer and occupy Lower Nubia. Sesostris I effectively subjugated and annexed the region so that the Egyptians now exercised a degree of control between the Second and Third Cataracts and were again able to obtain the gold, copper, diorite, granite and amethyst that *Nubia offered.At home, Sesostris I pursued a prodigious building programme, enlarging and enhancing almost all the existing temples. Today, a single obelisk is all that remains of the great temple to Re-Atum that he built at Heliopolis; this obelisk was originally one of a pair erected there to mark his jubilee festival. At Karnak, it is still possible to admire his exquisite limestone chapel which was dedicated to Amun on the occasion of the king's jubilee; the reliefs that decorate this chapel are of the finest quality and indicate the standard of contemporary craftsmanship. His pyramid at It-towy (el Lisht) was more impressive than that of his father, and is the best preserved of the whole dynasty; it revived the layout of the Old Kingdom complexes, and the style of ten limestone statues of the king from the same site indicates that the Memphite art forms had also been reintroduced.Even in the Twelfth Dynasty Sesostris I already received a divine cult, and in later legends he is remembered in the person of 'Pharaoh Sesostris' who performed great and miraculous deeds; this individual—representing the Egyptian ideal of an omnipotent king—was actually a compilation of three historical rulers—Sesostris I, *Sesostris III and *Ramesses II.Sesostris I continued the policy of co-regency, used by this dynasty to ensure a smooth and troublefree succession, and associated his son and heir, *Ammenemes II, with him on the throne.BIBL. AEL i. pp. 135-8, 222-35; Gardiner, A.H. The accession day of Sesostris I. JEA 32 (1946) p 100; Simpson, W.K. The single-dated monuments of Sesostris I: an aspect of the institution of co-regency in the Twelfth Dynasty. JEA 15 (1956) pp. 214-19; Lacau, P. and Chevrier, H. Une chapelle de Sesostris ler a Karnak. Cairo: 1956.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Sésostris I — Sésostris Ier Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties … Wikipédia en Français
Sesostris — (ägyptisch zj n wsr.t „Mann der Wosret“; veraltet Usertesen) ist die griechische Form eines altägyptischen Personennamens. Bekannte Träger dieses Namens waren: Sesostris I. (Pharao um 1956–1910 v. Chr.) Sesostris II. (Pharao um 1882–1872 v. Chr.) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sesostris — Sésostris Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sésostris … Wikipédia en Français
Sesostris — was the name of a legendary king of ancient Egypt who is suppossed to have led a military expedition into parts of Europe. The story originated in the writings of Herodotus. LegendHerodotus cited a story told by Egyptian priests about a Pharaoh… … Wikipedia
Sesostris — es la traducción al griego de Senusret, un nombre común del Antiguo Egipto, puede hacer referencia a: Sesostris I, faraón de la dinastía XII de Egipto; Sesostris II, nieto de Sesostris I; Sesostris III, hijo de Sesostris II; Sesostris IV, faraón… … Wikipedia Español
Sesostris II — Sésostris II Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0 … Wikipédia en Français
Sesostris II — Faraón de la Dinastía XII de Egipto Reinado c. 1882 a 1872 a. C Entierro Probablemente en El Lahun, Egipto Predecesor Amenemhat II … Wikipedia Español
Sesostris I — Faraón de la Dinastía XII de Egipto Reinado c. 1956 1911 o 1910 a. C Entierro … Wikipedia Español
Sesóstris — (Sesoosis, Sesonchosis), bei Herodot (II, 102–110), Diodor, Strabon u. a. vorkommender Name eines sagenhaften ägyptischen Königs, dessen Urbild Senwosret I. (12. Dynastie, um 1950 v. Chr.) ist. Er soll unter anderm Äthiopien unterworfen und einen … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Sesostris — (Sésōstris) ► Nombre de tres monarcas egipcios de la XII dinastía. El más célebre fue Sesostris III, rey en 1878? a C 1843 a C. Suprimió el poderío de la nobleza provincial … Enciclopedia Universal
SESOSTRIS — Aegyptiorum Rex, Moeridis successor, iuxta quosdam, sed non sine insigni parachronismo, qui subactis maris Rubri accolis, alveum navigabilem conatus est ducere ex Nilo in mare Rubrum. Idem et Colchos ac Geras creditur subegisse, regionesque omnes … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale